Linux (Red Hat) is one of the most popular operating systems. It is an open source software development. Do you need to get a job in the reputed company? Are you looking to attend the Linux interview? Then, you should prepare for the Linux interview with important interview questions. Here you can get the linux interview questions that are designed for professionals and fresher to the Linux operating system. These questions help to improve skill in Linux.
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Today, there are huge opportunities for most of the companies in the world. You have a great chance to create a career in Linux development. The linux technical interview questions help the candidates in cracking the interview and achieve their dream as a Linux developer. The Linux developers demand is increasing in the industry. If anyone looking to crack the interview then you are at right place. Here we provide a few linux interview questions and answers for experienced 2019 that help you interview preparation.
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The redhat linux interview questions and answers for experienced and fresher are vital for the people who decide to start a career in the Linux. With the help of below-given question, you can ready for the Linux interview and get a job in a top company with a high salary –
Linux is one of the open source UNIX operating system (OS). It is open source and completely free. It is developed from scratch by the Linus Trovald. This platform is a completely different operating system. It has few distributions such as Fedora, Ubuntu, and others. Linux is everywhere from television, smartwatch, laptop, Smartphone and much more.
There are two types of processes in Linux such as background processes and foreground processes. The background process runs on the Linux background. The users can execute the commands before the Linux background process get completed fully. After the command, the users add an & symbol that make it a background process. The Foreground process while started by the developers run in the foreground. The developers need to wait for few minutes to get executed before providing other commands.
Nowadays, Linux is mostly used for its performance and it is totally different from other OS in the market. It comes with additional features that allow the users to complete the task quickly. It supports different file system and highly secured. Linux is open source OS where the developers gain huge benefits of developing their own custom operating system. It has controllable problems with the malware, virus, and others. The software licensing needed to install Linux is free. These are the main reason for using Linux.
Swap space is the amount of hard-disk storage or physical memory. It is utilized when the system requires large memory space but the storage of the system is full. The swap space is provided for use by the Linux that allow running the programs temporarily. It occurs when the RAM does not have enough storage space to support the running programs. The memory management involves the memory swapping from as well as to physical storage. The inactive memory space is moved to the swap spaces that free RAM storage. There are various types of tools and commands to manage the usage of swap space.
However, Linux is used for carrying out big iron systems such as mainframe computers, and the only OS used on TOP 500 super computers. It is now gradually eliminated in all competitors. It is operated on servers and carry high end performances.
Linux has excellent features that provide you best experience. Here you can get the key features of the Linux operating system.
(1)Linux distros offer live USB or CD for installation.
(2) Linux offers high-security service in different methods such as Encryption, Authentication, and authorization.
(3) It offers the hierarchical file system and Linux code is completely free to all.
(4) You can install Linux kernel as well as an application program on any hardware platform.
(5) Linux has unique application support and customized keyboards.
(6) This platform allows different users to use the same device like an application program, memory and hard disk with the various terminals for operation.
The Linux shell is a user interface that used for executing the communication and commands with the Linux OS. The shell commands can be classified into two types such as external commands and built-in shell commands. There is a lot of the shell available with the Linux that includes TCSH, BASH, KSH, and CSH.
On the current PC, when there are lots of the windows available and appears maximizing as well as minimizing the window their virtual desktop server as an option. The virtual desktop allows users to open more than one program without any error. It is stored on the remote server and it has few benefits such as lower compatibility problems, enhanced data integrity, resource are used effectively, centralized administration, and others.
It is similar to the other operating systems that can be used for windows, OS X and iOS. This includes lots of configurations that are capable for updating with enough features. It let them focus on operating systems such as word processing applications and linux equivalents. It is accustomed to using other operating systems.
There are lots of email applications are carried out in Linux operating system. It includes three most common features which are widely used to come in mind with right flow. This includes Mozilla Thunderbird, Kmail, and others. So, it let the users grab attention on best linux operating systems for varied purposes.
Like windows and apple operating system, the Linux is also one of the top notch operating system. To update the extraordinary features, here enormous number of configuration will be included. This process will permit to concentrate on the major operating systems like Linux equivalents and word processing applications in an effective manner.
In general, in Linux, there are enormous number of email applications have been used. Those email applications will provide certain basic features that can able to used in the perfect manner. This will include various applications such as Kmail, Mozilla Thunderbird and much more. Linux OS will never get affected with virus.
The suitable size for a swap partition is twice the total amount of the present physical memory found over the system. It is not applicable to minimum size must be the same as the total amount of the memory installed over it. Hope it is helpful to store the right amount in a fine manner.
In a command shell, it makes use of concatenating command: cat/proc/memento for all memory usage data. Then it would see a right light begin something such as Mm: 64655360. It is complete know as the Linux thinks is found to use with more comfort at all time.
Think that you are systems administer and owner of file or directory, you can grant permission using the chmod command. It is used +symbols to make permission to deny permission. With any of the following letters such as g (group) o (other) and much more. Here the command chmod go+ rw FIlE1.TXT grant read and obtain the file.
OS (operating system) is used to provide platform to run our application and software.
Kernel is a core part of any Operating system, which is used to interact hardware with software.
Here are few linux commands and technical interview questions:
uname –a : is a command to check kernel version of your Linux OS.
cat /Proc/meminfo :
chvt terminal no
Shell is a user interface between user and Operating System.
Many shells are used
ksh, sh, csh, tcsh,zsh
ls –al:- this command will show you all file and directory including the hidden into your present working directory.
Default port no of ssh is 22.
Default port no of ssh is 23.
Both for use remote login on system but ssh is more secure than telnet.
rpm –qa | grep ftp
/boot: – It contains Grub (boot loader of Linux) kernel (the core part of OS) and booting related files.
/sbin: – It contain all system command or super user command /usr/sbin.
/etc: – It contain all configuration file and directory used for server.
/dev :- It is a location of the devices file.
/bin :- It contain all executable files or command or user command. /usr/bin also contain user command.
Redirection is standard Input/output of the command, which used to displays on the terminal can be redirected into a file.
Common redirection operator
> : command > file : this command will redirect output of command into file
>> : command >> file : this command will append output of command into file
< : command < file : this command will receive input from file
2> : command2 > file : this command will redirect error of command into file
2>> : command2 >> file : this command will append error of command into file
&> : Command &> file : this command will redirect output + error of command to file
&>>: Command &>> file : this command will append output + error of command to file
Aliases are a short name for large commands.
For permanent entry of alias in .bashrc file
save and exit
For test your change by logging out, logging back and type
It is a virtual memory which is used to increase system performance. Its Hard disk space which we can use as a ram is virtual memory.
In case the system doesn’t have unallocated space we can create a swap file to increase system performance.
First create a file
Now assign the size of the swap
# dd if=/dev/zero of=/swap bs=1M count=200
Format your swap file
Active the swap file
To check active swap partition
For activate automatically swap file, we will make the entry in /etc/rc.local
# vim /etc/rc.local
Make the following entry
Save and exit
Root : it is a home directory of superuser (root).
Etc : it contains all configuration file and directory used for server Configuration
dev : it contains the device file
home : it is a location of the home directory of regular users
proc : it is a virtual directory.
boot : it contain kernel and boot loader (grub), booting related files.
sys : :it is also a virtual directory and contain system information
media : it is a mount point of the removable disk like cdrom floppy USB drive etc.
tmp : it contains all temporary file
usr : it is used for software installation
lib : it contains all library files of the system
bin : it contains all executable files or command or user command /usr/bin also contain user command
sbin : it contains all system command or superuser command /usr/sbin
mnt : it is a mount point for partition and external devices.
opt : optional directory and used for third party tool installation.
var : it is a variable directory and contains public data (ftp & www), all log and error Message
All the device files are stored in /dev. SCSI, SATA or USB will show: /dev/sda & Old hard disk like IDE, ATA PATA will show /dev/hda
Hard disk ; /dev/sdx
Where x is
a : /dev/sda : Primary master
b : /dev/sdb : Primary slave
c : /dev/sdc : Secondary master
d : /dev/sdd : Secondary slave
#e2label /dev/sdax: where x for partition number
#mount /dev/cdrom /mnt
#mount –t nfs 10.0.0.1:/nfs /mnt
t : used for define type of mounting point
10.0.0.1:/nfs Define here NFS server machine and share data
/mnt : where you want to access NFS share data you can access in any folder.
#Mount –t iso9660 /root/image.iso /mnt
#Blkid /dev/sdax : where x for partition number.
#ssh 10.0.0.1 reboot
10.0.0.1: IP of that machine where you want to run command.
Reboot: is a command which you want to run you can give another command too.